Today, security breaches continue to dominate media headlines. This trend increasingly continues to put business organizations at a greater risk. This is due to the increasing amount and complexity while hackers are maliciously creating new and more complicated forms of attacks daily. Having anti-virus and firewall software and assuming that your business is secure is not sufficient. New companies necessitate an advanced approach to enhance security and its due diligence.
To ensure that your business organizations are secure, you need to test your organization systems to ensure that they are resistant to cybersecurity threats and establish effective defense mechanisms and strategies. To determine whether a malicious attacker can gain access to the business assets, you need to put effective penetration testing services. Penetration testing is essential in ensuring that your organizational assets are healthy and secure. Penetration testing is commonly referred to as ethical hacking or pen-testing. It involves the overall process of carrying out an authorized attack on the computer system to determine various security weaknesses and vulnerabilities.
The white box penetration test goes by multiple different names, such as the clear box, open-box, or even logic-driven testing. The white box is a type of penetration testing that helps assess the system’s internal application working structure to determine cybersecurity loopholes’ potential. The concept of a white box is used because there is a greater probability of seeing through the box’s outer cover into its inner structure. It is also called glass, transparent, or even clear box pen-testing.
In this testing technique, the ethical hacker usually has full access to the internal application configurations such as the source code, IP addresses, diagrams, and network protocols. The white box pen testing aims to stimulate malicious intruders familiar with the targeted internal structure systems. The white box penetration testing helps provide complete access to both internal and external vulnerabilities, making it easier to choose the most appropriate calculation testing.
Figure1: White box penetration testing
How white box penetration testing tool is performed.
If you want to perform white box testing, you must follow three necessary steps: preparing the testing process, creating and executing tests, and creating the final report.
Stage 1: Preparation.
This is usually the first step in the white box penetration testing method. This step requires you to learn and understand the working and functionalities internal structure of the target application systems to find out any security loopholes in the targeted software systems. This phase will enable you to familiarize yourself with source code applications like the programming language used in creating it and tools used in deploying it.
Stage 2: creating and executing tests
After understanding how various applications within the organization function, you, as the pen tester, have to create and execute white-box tests. In this phase, you are supposed to carry out various test cases that are capable of assessing the source code of the software to determine the existence of any malicious attacks. The intelligent tester can write scripts for testing the application manually and using appropriate testing tools to perform automated tests.
Stage 3: Creating a final report
This is the last phase of the penetrating test. At this stage, you must create a report that analyzes results obtained in the overall penetrating testing process. The report is supposed to be prepared in a manner that is easy to understand, provides adequate details on the testing activity, and summarizes the testing tasks’ findings. The final report is essential because it helps analyze and improve the testing process’s efficiency and provides a document for referring in the future.
Types of white box Penetration testing
Various types of white-box penetration testing are used in assessing the internal application systems to determine loopholes for any security threats and vulnerabilities. The main ones include;
The White box penetration testing technique (100-k)
Code coverage is the primary technique used in carrying out white box penetration testing. It helps in computing the number of code lines that have been validated successfully in a particular test scenario. The formula for determining code coverage in white box penetration testing is as follows;
Code coverage= (number lines of executed code/ total number lines of code) * 100
Some of the commonly used open-source white box penetrating testing tools include:
The advantages of White Box Penetration Testing
The advantages of carrying out code-based white Box Pen testing include;
Disadvantages of White Box Pen Testing
Disadvantages of performing code-based penetration testing include the following:
Web penetration testing is a technique that is commonly used in security from web applications. The web application penetration testing is performed by carrying simulation on unauthorized attacks internally and externally to access sensitive information. Web penetration testing is essential and helps determine the possibility of a hacker gaining access to sensitive information from the internet. It also helps one to understand ways of securing web hosting sites and servers from attackers. Web penetration testing involves breaching various application systems like the protocol interfaces (APIs and fronted serves) to find hidden vulnerabilities like inputs susceptible to code injection attacks.
Nowadays, if you look at the contemporary market demand, there has been a tremendous increase in mobile phone usage, which has become a significant potential for cybersecurity attacks. Accessing the website from mobile devices has made web applications more vulnerable to security attacks, thus, compromising essential data.
The advantages of Web App Penetration testing:
There are several benefits of Web App Penetration testing, such as;
Web penetration testing
If you want to perform web penetration testing, you are required to following steps;
Figure 2: Web penetration testing
API Penetration testing
The development of APIs has resulted in increased digital transformation, particularly within the cloud, IoT, mobile, and web applications. Without you understanding it, an average person can engage with multiple APIs daily, mainly through mobile devices. There are several types of APIs for Penetration testing, and they include; validation testing, functional testing, load testing, security testing, Runtime / Error Detection, and Fuzz testing.
Figure 3: Penetration Testing Tools
APIs can be defined as the connective tissue responsible for transmitting data between external and internal systems. If APIs are poorly secured, they become vulnerable to security threats and breaches. Providing security for API is vital, just as the applications for which it provides functions for.
How to perform APIs Pen testing
When performing APIs penetration testing, you are testing APIs functions/methods, how they can be abused, and how authentication or authorization can be bypassed. Also, you are supposed to test it to determine if we can cause any form of command injection or XSS if we establish that the function’s response renders data on the page. Then, we are required to put API through various types of tests to determine whether there might be any security vulnerabilities existing.
To carry out APIs penetration testing, you are required to mention various parameters in a particular test. Then, prioritize API function calls to simplify testing for testers so that they can determine the time taken for finishing.
Steps of APIs testing;
There are three necessary steps of APIs testing including;
Figure 4: The APIs security testing
AWS Penetration testing
The AWS penetration security is used for testing user-operated services, and it includes created cloud offerings that the user configures. For instance, if your business organization needs to test your AWS EC2 thoroughly, excluding various tactics related to business continuity disruption like launching DOS attacks. AWS clients can carry out penetration testing on specific serving by adhering to the established customer support policies on penetration testing.
How is AWS penetration testing carried out?
If you want to carry out penetration testing, you must use AWS API and command-line interface tools to support the test’s automation. These tools usually enable developers to automatically create and configure test environments, connect various databases, and automatically integrate various methods to run the test automatically. The AWS follow several steps as outlined in the figure below;
AWS Penetration testing steps include; reviewing the architecture of systems, scanning vulnerabilities, performing penetration tests, and finally carrying remediation and certification.
Figure 5: AWS penetration testing
The organizations need to run AWS Penetration testing because it enhances the security and compliance of various applications deployed on AWS. This helps in identifying various vulnerabilities and exposures to cybersecurity threats.
Pentest box online
The pentest box is an open-source that is often preconfigured to a portable penetration testing environment for the windows operating system. The Pentest Box is not similar to any other Linux pretesting distribution that runs in a virtual machine or even on a dual boot environment.
Figure 6: Pentestbox
The pentest box essentially helps provide security tools just like software packages and allows you to run them through the windows natively. Besides, the pentest box helps eliminate virtual machines’ requirements or dual boot environments on the windows.
If you want to ensure safety for your computer systems, the Pentestbox offers the best solution. This is because it allows for quick deployment and testing on windows based environments.